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Chiang Kai Shek China's Generalissimo and the Nation He LostContemporaneous journalists acclaimed author Jonathan Fenby explores little known international connections in Chiang's story as he unfolds a story as fascinating in its conspiratorial intrigues as it is remarkable for its psychological insights This is Kai Shek China's eBook #180 the definitive biography of the man who despite his best intentions helped create modern day Chin. I greatly enjoyed this biography of Chiang Kai Shek which portrays him as a brilliant and a courageous soldier outdone by a vulgarity in this personal habits that undermined his relations with his American allies which led to the communists seizing control of mainland China in 1948Chiang Kai Shek was a giftedd young man of modest origins who rose to become the leader of Nationalist China through his talent and marriage into the Soong Dynasty His entire life was an extraordinary balancing act He had to convince the Russians to give him subsidies while conducting a 30 year War with the Chinese communist party He had to motivate his generals who were all jockeying for his place to support his plans wholeheartedly Finally he had to convince his American backers that he was the right man to support despite the fact that the funds they gave him to pay and feed his army typically disappeared elsewhere Ultimately it failed The Russians simply out manoeuvred him They invaded Manchuria immediately after Japan surrendered took the surrender from the Japanese Manchurian army and then turned it over to Mao At the same time they heavily bribed Chiang Kai Shek's generals and then persuaded them to switch sides once they felt the time was right to seize power Chiang Kai Shek fled to Taiwan which he ruled until his death and was replaced in power by his sonFenby spends a great deal of time recounting incidents from the life of Chiang Kai Shek's legendary wife and siren Soong May Ling portraying her as a fabulous vamp cut from the same cloth as the notorious Dragon Lady of Terry and the Pirates While it is impossible not to enjoy reading about the still notorious Soong May Ling Fenby's treatment of her considerably undermines the reader's confidence in Fenby's scholarly judgement

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Ader of the Kuomintang the Nationalist movement in China by he had established himself as head of the government in Chiang Kai EpubNanking But while he managed to survive the political storms of the s Chiang's power was continually being undermined by the Japanese on one side and the Chinese Communists on the other Drawing extensively on original Chinese sources and accounts by. Fenby's biography of Chiang Kai Shek the Generalissimo of the Republic of China and leader of the Kuomintang during the Second World War and its aftermath is satisfactory as a biography but albeit an incomplete one Fenby narrates the pre war and wartime career and life of Chiang from the Northern Expedition the Nanjing Decade and the Anti Japanese War up until the eventual defeat of the KMT during the Civil War and the mass exodus to Taiwan Readable and well researched though often Fenby relies too much on single sources and does not take advantage of Chiang's personal archives the main flaw in this biography is that Chiang's post war career on Taiwan is not covered Further the overall perception of Chiang given by Fenby is overwhelmingly negative he alone must bear the blame it seems for his defeat while receiving little credit for his victories Nevertheless this is an acceptable introduction to the Generalissimo but an introduction nonetheless For a revisionist biography of Chiang one should read The Generalissimo by Jay Taylor since it benefits from Chiang's personal archives and diaries to give a nuanced viewpoint on this most controversial figure in Chinese modern history

Read & Download Chiang Kai Shek China's Generalissimo and the Nation He Lost

Read & Download Chiang Kai Shek China's Generalissimo and the Nation He Lost 107 â [Ebook] ➢ Chiang Kai Shek China's Generalissimo and the Nation He Lost By Jonathan Fenby – With a narrative as briskly paced and vividly detailed as an international thriller this definitive bioWith a narrative as briskly paced Shek China's MOBI #239 and vividly detailed as an international thriller this definitive biography of Chiang Kai shek masterfully maps the tumultuous political career of Nationalist China's generalissimo as it reevaluates his brave but unfulfilled life Chiang Kai shek was one of the most influential world figures of the twentieth century The le. At one time in China's recent history Chiang Kai shek came close to unifying and ruling it This book by Jonthan Fenby talks about the man and provides some insights into why he failed By taking the readers through the different stages in his life and exploring how he overcame the challenges and treacheries along the way the author managed to weave an interesting and rather gripping account of Chiang's life in this bookThis book was structured chronologically as with most biographies but it was also divided into major sections covering Chiang's childhood the period when he consolidated his power followed by the time when he ruled from Nanking to fighting the Japanese proper after Xi an and concluding with how Chiang fought and lost the civil war What I particularly liked was the weights given to the different sections putting less attention on Chiang's childhood which I am not uite interested in but a lot on the most important parts in his life and then almost nothing on Chiang's life in Taiwan after 1949 In doing so the author helped readers to focus only on the conseuential parts of Chiang's life and avoided diluting his work with less important or interesting detailsA book on an essentially military person one can expect the book to talk about many military operations and because of this maps are important In this the author has done a decent job providing maps of the major campaigns such as the Northern Expedition and the war with Japan but one can always ask for My complaint is the lack of a glossary I do not know if the author knows the Chinese language somehow I suspect that he didn't because he seemed to have uoted from many translated sources instead of providing his own translation and interpretation of the original Chinese words and the lack of a glossary makes this a big problem Take for example what is lian zuo fa Not having the explanation provided I was hoping that I could at least see the Chinese characters in the glossary as I would when reading books on China or Japan But the absence of the glossary means that words and phrases like this become meaningless to most readers I also feel that the failure to provide the proper context when uoting from Chiang's diaries made some of the things he wrote sounded stupid For instance take this sentence uoted from Chiang's diary At a time of national humiliation we should lie in faggots and taste gall Lying in faggots and taste gall sounded almost ridiculous at a time of national humiliation but if one were to know that Chiang actually wrote 卧薪尝胆 he would realise that Chiang was using a Chinese idiom formulated by someone caught in a somewhat situation in the past Things like this make me feel that the author was just uoting blindly from a secondary source without knowing what actually was writtenThere were also parts in the narrative of the story that I felt the author did not fill with enough details to let his readers appreciate the actual drama For example when talking about Wang Jin wei's formation of a puppet regime in collaboration with the Japanese the author brought this important event up almost casually despite having talked about Wang on numerous occasions due to his obvious affiliations to Chiang Mitter 2013 provided a much better description of the intrigue and dilemma Wang faced in taking that fateful stepNotwithstanding these the author was successful in directing me to consider some important people and issues surrounding Chiang Firstly Sun Yat sen and Zhang Xueliang Contemporary Chinese history has portrayed these two men very positively; Sun in particular is hailed 国父 the father of the nation Alas he is but human and has his faults We were told not only of his lack of political acumen and ability to manage there were hints throughout that he was even a womaniser all of which Chiang bettered Similarly Zhang Xueliang is considered by many as a patriotic figure who risked his life to get Chiang to agree to fight the Japanese rather than the Communists But one has to remember that Zhang was from Manchuria and has his fortunes tied up there so the possibility of him trying to use the Nationalist army to evict the Japanese from Manchukuo cannot be discountedAnd then there was Soong Meiling who seemed to mesmerise every man that came into contact with her I think she was obviously smart and being educated in the US stood her out from all the Chinese women and most men in China But almost all descriptions of her was of her beauty and on occasions with cursory links to the word 'sex' Current Chinese sentiments of her are not positive in China for obvious reasons But even in Taiwan I do not get the sense of people seeing much in her In this book the author's treatment of her was guarded he acknowledge her contributions and efforts in helping Chiang to rally the Chinese to resist the Japanese and then the Communists At the same time he also cited instances of her belligerent behaviours However not once did he praise or criticise her in his own accords Praise and criticism always came from other sources he uotedIn addition to these the author also talked about Chiang's relationship with the US It is difficult to fault the US in their handling of their relationship with Chiang My impression from the book is that the Americans who were on the ground in China clearly knew the state of the country its army and its leadership But caught in their own wars in Europe and the Pacific it was hard to see through the curtain of mist pulled down by Chiang and his relatives Soong Meiling and T V Soong Eventually they did know who they were dealing with if for no other reason than Chiang's seemingly insatiable appetite for cashThe other subject that the author in my opinion rightly put enough emphasis on is that of the warlords One is able to learn a great deal about them in this book Not only were descriptions of them scattered throughout the book depending on when they appeared in Chiang's life the author also dedicated a chapter to them it was an educational oneIn so far as Chiang the subject was concerned what the author successfully did was to provide enough information on him to persuade the readers to consider or re consider the person A lowly peasant class man by birth Chiang must be uite something to overcome his unprivileged birth and significant lack of education at least compared to Soong Meiling to rise to the position of the person who almost ruled an almost united China Along the way he had to overcome political enemies the ever untrustworthy warloards and even unfaithful relatives Yet he would lose almost everything to the Communists and his nemesis Mao Zedong Many today still think of him as a traitor for not standing up to the Japanese earlier but he appeared to have a case for going after the Communists first which was validated by his own defeat in their handsToday Taiwan is still in an awkward position in international relations even though as an entity on its own it is almost self sufficient and has a very enterprising cultured creative educated and likeable people How much of it is due to Chiang Can one hold Taiwan as an example of what China would be had he succeeded These are uestions readers especially Chinese readers would think about But the other uestion all readers would surely ask themselves is why did Chiang fail I do not think I can provide an answer but suspect that this line uoted from the book pg 349 encompassing a mix of incompetency delusion and deceit goes some way into giving a hint'Inflationinflation There is no inflation in China If people want to pay twenty five dollars for a fountain pen that’s their business it’s not inflation They’re crazy that’s all They shouldn’t pay it’ HH Kung Finance Minister