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Shashi Tharoor í Pax Indica ePub

eBook ô Pax Indica à · dogsalonbristol Û ❰PDF❯ ✅ Pax Indica Author Shashi Tharoor – Dogsalonbristol.co.uk A definitive account of Indias international relations from an expert in the fieldIndian diplomacy a veteran told Shashi Tharoor many years ago is like the love making of an elephant it is cEs how Indian diplomacy has become sprightlier since then and where it needs to focus in the world of the 21st century Explaining why foreign policy matters to an India focused on its own domestic transformation Tharoor surveys Indias major international relationships in detail evokes the countrys soft power and its global responsibilities analyses the workings of the Ministry of External Affairs Parliame 255 Shashi Tharoor is a genuinely gifted author but this book was written by Shashi Tharoor the politician Tharoor's charm lies in his wit and irreverence his deep knowledge of history politics his elouence and the resultant snobbery too Unfortunately perhaps because he himself was a minister in the UPA govt at the time of writing this book the wit and irreverence are absent Instead it has been written in the tone of a political speechSecondly the book barely scratched the surface and repeated oft known facts especially in the first 2 3rds of the book dealing with India's bilateral foreign relations I expected behind the scenes approach and fresh insightsOn the positive side in the last 13rd of the book Tharoor has gone into some depth behind the scenes into the functioning of India's ministry of external affairs and how policy is formulated in India And its not a heartening picture to say the least Also the chapter on UN and impending reforms was uite goodOverall may serve as a good introduction to the topic for lack of alternates

ePub ç í Shashi Tharoor

A definitive account of Indias international relations from an expert in the fieldIndian diplomacy a veteran told Shashi Tharoor many years ago is like the love making of an elephant it is conducted at a very high level accompanied by much bellowing and the results are not known for two years In this lively informative and insightful work the award winning author and parliamentarian brilliantly demonstrat The DNA has carried a slightly shorter  version of my review of Shashi Tharoor' s book Pax Indica Pax Romana or the Roman Peace is a Latin Term used to describe the slightly over two hundred year period when the Roman Empire saw relative peace and prosperity It was a period when the Republic made way for the Emperor Augustus; various warring factions within Rome were brought to heel; the Empire was kept safe from invasion and the military expansion was kept to a minimum It was a time when Rome became the focal point of culture trade and influence and was the dominant power The term has been used for other Empires – Pax Americana the period post the Second World War Pax Britannica the century leading up to the First World War Pax Mongolica the height of the Mongol Empire in the 13th 14th centuries In each of these cases the power of the Empire – military economic and cultural combined with internal political stability – ensured Peace In each of these cases the core of the Empire – Rome America Britain and Mongolia – were protected from war on while they expanded outwards with their military and trade might This Pax Imperium was great for each of the States that were the power centres but it had a mixed result vis à vis regions people that came in the path of the Imperial Juggernaut Pax Indica or the Indian Peace is Shashi Tharoor’s look at modern India – that has come out of the shadow of internal divisions and external invasion – to take her rightful place on the world Stage Tharoor’s basic hypothesis is that India can use a combination of her size her trade prowess her soft power and her growing influence in the world to ensure an age of domestic transformation He sees word Pax Indica not to imply world or regional domination as much as foreign policy that allows India to play a role in developing a 21st century “Peace System” that will help ‘promote maintain a period or co operative co existence’ and in “helping shape the global order’ Pax Indica looks at Indian foreign policy from both a historical perspective and a normative one He is rather uncritical in his assessment of history His great admiration for Jawaharlal Nehru probably gets him to see Indian foreign policy through rose tinted glasses For example the entire 1962 debacle in which China wrested ’23200 suare kilometres of Indian territory’ is explained away in one paragraph His defence of non alignment is robust And he believes that those who “critiue Nehru for not taking the ‘winning side’ speak with the benefit of 2020 hindsight’ He also says of non alignment as Indian foreign policy in the first 40 years after Independence gave India an advantage in the last two decades because that policy‘enabled us to work with all the major powers without exception – and to get help if I may be allowed to mangle Marx from each according to their capacity to us according to our needIn this period post 1991 the ‘post colonial’ chip has fallen off India’s shoulder and she can look at the world from a position of authority In a world where it is acceptable indeed expected to berate the problems of non alignment Tharoor offers a perspective on why the path of foreign policy independence in the years following 1947 was the correct path for India to follow However he also says that in the years to come foreign policy cannot be led by belief and ideology as much as with one single goal – that of ‘facilitating India’s economic growth in order to bring our billion strong masses into the 21st century’ And he talks about the need to‘cultivate good relations with countries that can assist us in that process – trading partners and investors in the economy; suppliers of energy resources and assurers of food security; and partners in our fundamental objective of keeping our people safe secure and free ‘ This kind of explains the seeming contradictions in India’s foreign policy – the friendship with Iran and the desire to boost trade ties despite the west having issues “Iran’s natural resources particularly oil and natural gas have been increasingly important to India for decades’ at the same time as strengthening her ties with the West; the growing relationship with Israel ‘India is now Israel’s largest market for defence products and services’ along with a continued support for the Palestinian cause ; India’s increasing influence in Afghanistan – not through the display of naked power or military might but through kinder and gentler ways; an enhanced involvement in Africa – through trade government credits and private sector involvement All these says Tharoor makes India a very influential player on the world stage Right at the beginning Tharoor says that the book is ‘like an onion’ begins with Pakistan and peels outwards from South Asia and neighbourhood to the world beyond’ There is a whole chapter entitled “Brother Enemy devoted to our troublesome neighbour in the west A State whose own internal divisions are so vast that the rulers of Pakistan ‘do not feel able to challenge militant groups and their leaders because they have become too popular with a radicalized and pro Islamist populace’ – the charitable explanation; or ‘those in power are happy to allow the terrorists to run free and wild as long as they are only threatening India’ – the sinister excuse Tharoor is of the firm belief that it would not be realistic to expect Pakistan to change fundamentally for there to be peace – there are too parties jostling for power in Pakistan to allow that He spends uite a bit of time listing those parties and their positions vis à vis India in public and private But in his opinion ‘we want peace than Pakistan does because we have at stake when peace is violated’ and therefore India should ‘seize on whatever straws in the wind float its way from Pakistan to explore possibility of Peace’ It is possibly the only controversial statement in the entire book And also rather simplistic He believes that stronger economic ties a MFN status and trade could enable Peace while contentious issues like Siachin or Kashmir get discussed separately There is an entire chapter on China that doesn’t say too much except that we can’t compete with them we shouldn’t have conflict maybe we should co operate He says that the normally complacent Elephant us is naturally wary of the “hissing dragon’ History the last 60 years including India’s support and sanctuary to the Dalai Lama and the Chinese support of the Indian communist movement – plus the war of 1962 and China’s territorial claims on parts of Arunachal Pradesh have kept relations between the two strained He lists all the advantages that China has “India’s sclerotic bureaucracy versus China’s efficient one India’s tangles of red tape versus China’s unfurled red carpet to foreign investors India’s contentious and fractious party politics versus China’s smoothly functioning top down communist hierarchy” and then says without a trace of irony or sarcasm “India has become an outstanding example of the management of diversity through pluralistic democracy’ But he says “India is a fractious democracy China is not But as an Indian I do not wish to pretend we can compete in the global growth stakes with China” He sees India and China following different paths and both making the future their own The first 7 chapters of the book are devoted to the neighbourhood; ‘The Near Abroad’ the Arab world and the Rest of Asia; The United States of America; Europe Africa and Latin America – bunched together in a single chapter The bulk of these chapters are a walk through the history of India’s relationship with that country It is in the last 4 chapters that he makes his recommendations He believes that India ought to use a combination of soft power and public diplomacy in a multi aligned world to achieve her objectives With the rest of the neighbourhood and the world he advocates growing trade ties to bind us together In the case of the rest of the world the recommendation is similar – trade ties and soft power to see “peace in our times’ Tharoor is a fan of Indian soft power though the role of the state in building that power is unexplained Soft Power arises despite the state – from films trade ties cultural exchanges – all the State can do is exploit it if it exists The chapters on the ‘Global Commons’ and the need to move from “multi alignment’ extend his philosophy of being ‘ajatshatru’ without enemy and ‘sangamitra’ friend to all – and that is the guiding philosophy of the book It may seem optimistic simplistic and even naïve in parts – but it possibly has a grain of truth and practicality Apart from Pakistan India has decent relations with most of the world It cannot afford to militarily engage to establish influence; nor does she have the kind of wealth to sign blank cheues for the rest of the world – so all that remains to be used is soft power And Tharoor advocates that India use that to the hilt Pax Indica is foreign policy 101 – a great introduction to foreign policy for students and those interested in reading about how India’s foreign policy evolved since independence is a good starting point to understanding Indian foreign policy but any reader should read before forming opinions Shashi Tharoor has a way with words and the book flows easily and is immensely readable As he admits it is not academic his perspective as a ringside observer of changing world dynamics Pax Indica is a bit like a nice breezy travelogue – the generic kind carried by tourists on visits – through the terrain of Indian foreign policy There is a bit of history a bit of geography some amount of characters to know about who to know about the events that mattered those that didn’t what to see what to avoid It is a very first person insider view of Indian foreign policy It is an easy read for a serious subject and that should not be held against the book If you nothing about Indian foreign policy this is a good starting point The book looks at India through rose tinted glasses and it is good to discount some of the optimism But in a scenario where the overwhelming opinions emanating from India is one of doom and gloom Pax Indica is a good countervailing point of viewThis reveiw appears on my blog at


eBook Pax Indica

Pax IndicaNt and public opinion on the shaping of policy and offers his thoughts on a contemporary new grand strategy for the nation arguing that India must move beyond non alignment to multi alignment His book offers a clear eyed vision of an India now ready to assume new global responsibility in the contemporary world Pax Indica is another substantial achievement from one of the finest Indian authors of our times Great introduction to India's foreign policy along with an insider's account of the workings of the Ministry of External Affairs and the United Nations The book needs some editing though; Tharoor has a tendency towards repetitive platitudes but I guess such is the nature of diplomacy