EPUB ☆ ò Garrett Mattingly

Teemed and critically acclaimed historian Garrett Mattingly explores all dimensions of the naval campaign which captured the attention of the European world and played a deciding “The Armada” is nominally about the English defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588 But it is it is a profile of Elizabeth Tudor in the thirtieth year of her reign; it is an in depth look at the savage “War of the three Henrys” that devastated France and the Low Countries; it provides some insights into the character of Phillip king of Spain; and above all it is a panorama of a Europe that having taken the first step out of the long medieval night is now groping for the next step leading ultimately to the industrial revolution and the modern world There can be few fascinating historical characters than Elizabeth She is that most appealing of historical subjects the executive who grows in office That she survived to age 25 without losing her head is a combination of luck and skill In an age when the royalty of Europe was characterized by extravagance and bizarre irrational behavior Elizabeth favored fiscal prudence a long term view and a deep affection for her yeomanry which formed the backbone of the realm That Elizabeth was able to manage advisors such as Lord Burghley and Walsingham not to mention the kings of France and Spain is ample testimony to her political astuteness That she earned and retained for forty five years the enthusiastic support of the common people and the business community in England is a testament to her management of the nation’s finances Mattingly begins with the execution of Mary ueen of Scots drawing the connections between the political murder and the on going war on the continent with Phillip’s launching of the famous ArmadaMattingly does a good job of explaining the information sometimes slim that has come down to us and then providing one or interpretations of what it might mean One example is the encounter between the Duc de Joyeuse and Henry of Navarre on October 20 1587 “Henry had meant not to fight Joyeuse but to elude himThe Protestants scarcely ever won a pitched battle and for years had not risked oneThe Béarnais Henry moved fast; it was one of his chief distinctions as a captain But this time he was too slowNow as he listened to the crackle of small arms which showed that his outposts were being driven in he faced the unpleasant fact that although he himself could still get away he would have to leave most of his troops behind Nothing in the record suggests that Henry entertained for a moment the idea of escape Rather he gave his captains the impression that this was just the place he would have chosen for a battleAcross the few hundred yards of open ground the opposing horsemen had time to eye each other The Huguenots looked plain and battle worn in stained and greasy leather and dull gray steel Their armor was only cuirass and morion their arms mostly just broadsword and pistolOpposite it the line of the royalists rippled and shimmeredThree thousand common soldiers were slaughtered than four hundred knights and gentlemen and an impressive roll of dukes maruises counts and barons’At least’ said Henry of Navarre at the day’s end ‘nobody will be able to say after this that we Hugeuenots never win a battle’”And of course we have the famous events at Tilbury August 18 and 19 1588 when Elizabeth went down from London to review her troops mustered to resist the threatened invasion “Elizabeth was easy to upset but hard to frightenUndismayed she led the martial procession of barges down the river regaining on the way a sense of participating in great events such as she had not known since the initiative passed from the diplomats to the fighting menWhen her Captain General came to welcome her and take her orders for the inspection and review the ueen told himShe needed no guards among her fellow countrymen in arms for her serviceAnd so whoever may have protested the inspecting party was arrangedThat was the whole escort four men and two boysthe little party advanced into the ranks of the militia which exploded in a roar of cheersThe day was so successful she decided it would bear repetition She passed the night at a manor house some four miles off and came back the next day This time there was a review and march pastand then the ueen went to dine in state in the general’s pavilion and all the captains of her army came to kiss her hand But before that perhaps at the end of the review she had spoken to her people words they would cherish ‘My loving people we have been persuaded by some that are careful for our safety to take heed how we commit ourselves to armed multitudes for fear of treachery But I assure you I do not desire to live to distrust my faithful and loving people Let tyrants fearI know I have the body of a weak and feeble woman but I have the heart and stomach of a king and a king of England too and think foul scorn thatany prince of Europe should dare to invade the borders of my realm; to which rather than any dishonour shall grow by me I myself will take up arms’”Mattingly brings Elizabeth and the other players in this intense drama forward from the one dimensional enumeration of events that freuently passes for history into a three dimensional relief where their motives characters and decisions can be seen His presentation is excellent for the general reader; his chapter notes provide guidance for one that might wish to delve deeper into the subject

MOBI The Armada

The ArmadaRole in the settlement of the New World “So skillfully constructed it reads like a novel” New York Times The Armada is sure to appeal to the scholar and amateur historian alik I am an aspiring narcoleptic or perhaps just experiencing hypnagogic hallucinations thank you Wikipedia though I believe this book caused most of my daytime drowsiness over the last week for what it is worth I always wanted to keep reading when I woke up THE SPANISH LOST that came way out of left field good thing I was sitting laying down


Garrett Mattingly ò The Armada BOOK

PDF Ï BOOK The Armada à GARRETT MATTINGLY à ❮PDF / Epub❯ ☁ The Armada Author Garrett Mattingly – Dogsalonbristol.co.uk Chronicling one of the most spectacular events of the sixteenth century The Armada is the definitive story of the English fleet’s infamous defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588 The esteChronicling one of the most spectacular events of the sixteenth century The Armada is the definitive story of the English fleet’s infamous defeat of the Spanish Armada in The es This is an extraordinarily readable account of the legend around the defeat of the Invincible Armada by Sir Francis Drake which deservedly won the Pulitzer Prize in 1960 It takes time to delve into each of the courts that were at war and describe with detail the various characters in the drama as it played out There is uite a bit of humor in the descriptions In fact I think I preferred the lead up in putting all the pieces on the board to the rather anti climactic battles and missed rendez vous The book certainly is convincing of the futility of enrolling a Deity in this case the same Deity but from opposing factions to fight battles for you the yawning silence is not an effective defensive or offensive weapon This battle was won from a few actions months beforehand and a general lack of communication a point well stressed time and time again between the sea borne fleet coming from Portugal and Spain and the Parma's invasion fleet which never left the harbor and disbanded after the dispersion of the Armada Definitely recommended for those interested in late XVIe history and naval warfare as well as for the psychological insights into Philip II of Spain Henri III of France and Elizabeth I of England but also Rudolph II of Prague and Sixtus V in the Vatican to lesser degrees