Hell Under Fire Modern Scholarship Reinvents Eternal Punishment Summary ´ eBook ePUB or Kindle PDF

Christopher W. Morgan Õ 8 Free read

Hell Under Fire Modern Scholarship Reinvents Eternal Punishment Summary ´ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Â [Read] ➪ Hell Under Fire Modern Scholarship Reinvents Eternal Punishment By Christopher W. Morgan – Dogsalonbristol.co.uk Of all the teachings of Christianity the doctrOf all the Fire Modern Epub #225 teachings of Christianity the doctrine of hell is easily the most troubling so much so that in recent years the church has been uietly tucking it away Rarely mentioned any in the pulpit it has Hell Under Epubfaded through disuse among evangelicals and been attacked by liberal theologians Hell is no longer only the target of those outside the church Today a disturbing number of professing Christians uestion it as well Perhaps than at any other Under Fire Modern ePUB #180 time in history hell is under fire The implications of the historic view of hell make the popular alternatives annihilationism and universalism seem. If you pay attention to them the very combination of the words ‘hell under fire‘ should make you pause and think I suppose that was the intent of the publisher when they came up with the title Well – it worked What is ironic about the title Hell Under Fire is that fire is a word that Scripture uses to describe hell I suppose the subtitle ‘Modern Scholarship Reinvents Eternal Punishment’ implies that the critical nature of modern scholarship towards the doctrine of hell is itself fiery Do you see the picture forming here Liberal modern scholarship is exacting its own fire on the traditional orthodox view of hell which includes the description of hell as fire Is the picture getting clearer Fire is being used to fight against fireHell Under Fire Modern Scholarship Reinvents Eternal Punishment edited by Christopher Morgan and Robert A Peterson is a riveting and clear defense of the orthodox position of hell that it is real eternal and will include conscious suffering The book has a powerful line up of contributors such as Al Mohler on Modern Theology The Disappearance of Hell GK Beale on The Revelation on Hell Douglas Moo on Paul on Hell and JI Packer on Universalism Will Everyone Ultimately Be Saved The contributors do not mince words in their faithful defense of the historic position of hell It is not an exaggeration to say that as these authors present the Biblical doctrine of hell they expose the inaccurate and unfounded claims of universalism and annihilationism Every chapter in this book is worth commenting on but the focus of this review will only be on a few of themFrom the outset Mohler’s words are spot on when it comes to the conseuences of redefining hellNo doctrine stands alone Each doctrine is embedded in a system of theological conviction and expression Take out the doctrine of hell and the entire shape of Christian theology is inevitably altered p 16In chapter two Daniel Block presents the Old Testament contribution to the doctrine of hell Block admittedly states that the OT teaches very little on hell Block seeks to answer four uestions 1 How does the OT refer to the abode of the dead 2 Who occupies the netherworld 3 What conditions greet those who enter the netherworld and 4 What evidence does the OT provide for the Christian doctrine of hell as eternal punishment p 44 Most notably are OT passages such as Ezekiel 3222 23 Isaiah 661 17 and Daniel 121 3 “Ezekiel offers the fullest description of the deceased in the netherworld in his oracles against the nations p 53” Isaiah clearly shows a contrast between the eternal state of believers and unbelievers and Daniel 12 points to a time in the future when men will see their eternal fate p 62 In conclusion to the OT doctrine of hell Block statesthe general tenor of the Old Testament seems to reflect a conviction that people continue to live even after they die Logic would suggest that any belief in the resurrection would be based on this suppositionIt is difficult to imagine a doctrine of resurrection without an understanding of the continued existence of the person in some spiritual form after death p 58 59In chapter three Robert Yarbrough handles the passages in the New Testament where Jesus talks about hell Yarbrough minces no words when it comes to attempts to alter the Biblical doctrine of hellThe problem is that if Jesus spoke as freuently and directly about hell as Gospel writers claim then it may not be the Christina message that we end up proclaiming if we modify his doctrine of posthumous existenceIf the historic doctrine of hell is to be set aside it is most of all Jesus’ teachings that must be neutralized p 71 72Yarbrough first walks through the Gospels to see what Jesus actually said concerning hell It is clear that Jesus said too much about its reality eternality and conscious unending punishment to pass it off as temporary and merely used as a scare tactic Throughout his chapter Yarbrough interacts a lot with Edward W Fudge noted annihilationist Yarbrough honestly engages Fudge’s argument of several passages presenting Fudge’s position is his own words Fudge believes that while hell is real it will only be the experience of some for a short period of time p 77 78 and that “the traditionalist notion of everlasting torment in hell springs directly from that non biblical teaching p 83” That non biblical teaching is Greek Platonic philosophy After addressing the second claim Yarbrough responds by sayingTo demonstrate Plato’s influence it would be helpful to see at least a fair number of patristic authorities explicitly adducing Plato to help ground their interpretation of Jesus’ teaching on hell To my knowledge no one has produced such a studyIf our aim is to be faithful to Scripture we must face what Jesus’ teachings have been understood to assert by most biblical interpreters over many centuries cutting across a wide assortment of confessional and denominational settingsthe freuent first move of discrediting the historical view by accusing it of early and Platonic origin lacks credible basis p 87In chapter four Douglas Moo deals with Paul on hell This is perhaps the strongest chapter in the book From Romans 118 211 Moo wonderfully points out that“Death” “condemnation” “wrath” and the curse” a;; descend on human beings as a result of Adam’s sin Human beings are therefore already in a state of “perishing” This condition is fixed forever for those who do not respond to God’s grace in Christ and the work of his spirit But it is also clear that the condition that follows final judgment is an intensified form of what unbelievers now experience p 93Moo’s statement here points to what he calls an “inaugurated eschatology” of judgment People come to death as already condemned because of our relationship to Adam p 94; Rom 512 21 Moo also aptly notes that “Paul and his readers assumed the doctrine of hell as so basic that he did not need to provide extensive evidence for it p 95” Moo addresses passages like I Cor 1520 28Rom 518 Col 120 and 2 Thess 18 9 Moo’s conclusion on Paul’s doctrine of hell is that he “presents the judgment that comes on the wicked as the necessary response of a holy and entirely just God For Paul the doctrine of hell is a necessary corollary of the divine nature p 109In chapter six Christopher Morgan looks at the doctrine of hell from a biblical theology stand point in the New Testament He looks at three picture of hell in ScripturePunishment is freuently portrayed as retribution judgment suffering and torment by fireDestruction is often described as perishing death or the second deathBanishment is commonly pictured as separation from the kingdom of God exclusion from the presence of God or being cut off from something living p 136Morgan bear out these three pictures in a number of ways First he walks briefly through every book and writer in the NT and touches on their passages on hell Then he fleshes out the three pictures of hell from the NT Finally he concludes by interpreting these three central pictures of hell Morgan states that these pictures characterize hell as eternal p 148 They also “interweave with biblical portraits of God” as Judge warrior and King p 149 50 Also the three pictures of hell “flow naturally from biblical portraits of sin” they “also appear to illustrate the biblical doctrine of the atonement” they “stand in contrast with biblical portraits of salvation” and they also “stand in contrast with biblical portraits of the kingdom of heaven p 150”In chapters eight and nine JI Packer and Christopher Morgan address the positions of universalism and annihilationism respectively Packer point out that “most universalists concede that universalism is not clearly taught in the Bible p 171” However “it is argued that the biblical revelation of God’s love to his world entails a universal salvific intention that is a purpose of saving everybody and that sooner or later God must achieve that purpose p 171” For annihilationism or as it is preferred to be called conditionalism Morgan defines it as “the belief that God has created all human beings only potentially immortal Upon being united to Christ believers partake in the divine nature and receive immortality Unbelievers never receive this capacity to live forever and ultimately cease to exist p 196” Perhaps the best argument against this view is found in Revelation 2015 which reads “If anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life he was thrown into the lake of fire p 218”In the final chapter of the book Sinclair Ferguson offers some concluding pastoral remarks Ferguson admits honestly that the very thought of an eternal hell of suffering for people is “emotionally intolerable p 220” However we must grapple with the reality that “hell exists; this is the testimony of the Scriptures of the apostles and of the Lord Jesus himself p 220” Ferguson calls preachers of the Word to preach at least four things about hell from ScriptureHell is realHell is vividly described in the pages of the New TestamentHell though prepared for the devil and his angels is shared by real human beingsMost important in expounding and teaching the biblical teaching on hell we must emphasize that there is a way of salvation p 226 28His final words provide the preacher of the Word with great encouragement as we preach the biblical doctrine of hellHell is at the end of the day the darkness outside; dense like a black hole it is the place of cosmic waste Who can contemplate this for long Who indeed is sufficient for these things The uestion is surely rhetorical None of us is sufficient But our sufficiency is to be found in Christ the Savior the Perfect Man the Redeemer the Judge We must constantly remind ourselves that it is the Savior who spoke clearly of the dark side of eternity To be faithful to him so must we p 237Hell Under Fire is a much needed corrective to much of the teaching within evangelicalism today on the doctrine of hell This book needs to be read by every pastor and student of the Word Read this book with Bible in hand and allow the Word of God to shape your heart and mind on the doctrine of hell

review Å eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Õ Christopher W. Morgan

Extremely appealing But the bottom line is still God’s Word What does the Old Testament reveal Under Fire Modern Scholarship Reinvents Kindle about hell What does Paul the apostle have to say or the book of Revelation Most important what Under Fire Modern Scholarship Reinvents Kindle does Jesus the ultimate expression of God’s love teach us about God’s wrathUpholding the authority of Scripture the different authors in Hell Under Fire explore a complex topic from various angles R Albert Mohler Jr provides a historical theological and cultural overview of “The Disappearance of Hell” Christopher Morgan draws on the New Testament to offer. I cannot recall ever reading a book so full of logical fallacies and complete misrepresentations and objective factual errors The history of the doctrine of hell is misrepresented freuently the repeated claim that Arnobius was the first annihilationist is objectively false being traceable in the Old Testament Apocrypha umran the New Testament Ignatius of Antioch Irenaeus the Didache Pseudo Barnabas and several Rabbinic texts and the claim that it was condemned by the 5th ecumenical council is completely false see here Universalism is also well attested in the Patristic era Clement of Alexandria Origen Grgeory of Nyssa Isaac the Syrian Maximus the Confessor Diodore of Tarsus et al The nonsensical dodging of the linguistic exegetical arguments of annihilationists and universalists is dumbfounding and the complete misrepresentation and dismissal without any actual demonstration of the actual arguments of annihilationists and universalists is staggering The strawman tactics and ad hominems employed by scholars who are typically viewed with admiration by evangelicals is truly unfortunateThe challenges of those who reject eternal torment is not an attack on orthodoxy or a reinventing of hell as the subtitle suggests It is an honest wrestling with the text of Scripture the history of the church systematic theology and logic On all fronts eternal torment cannot be claimed as the exclusive historical orthodox position Instead of actually assessing the actual evidence presented which is immense the authors dismiss their critics as either liberals who dismiss the bible for sentimental reasons or simply eccentric scholars who are overreachingEach essay deserves its own review to unpack all the fallacies and misrepresentations But I am not prepared to walk through each one But overall this is an example of what happens when adherence to the party line a system of assertions overshadows the examination of the evidence

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Hell Under Fire Modern Scholarship Reinvents Eternal PunishmentThree pictures of hell as punishment destruction and banishment J I Packer compares universalism with the traditional understanding of hell Morgan does the same with annihilationism and Sinclair Ferguson considers how the reality of hell ought to influence preaching These examples offer some idea of this volume’s scope and thoroughnessHell may be under fire but its own flames cannot be uenched by popular opinion This book helps us gain a biblical perspective on what hell is and why we cannot afford to ignore it And it offers us a better understanding of the One who longs for all people to escape judgment and obtain eternal life through Jesus Chris. If this is the best scholarly and scriptural defence of the traditional view of eternal conscious torment then it actually shows the weakness of the position If you want to hearread the scripturally sound and in depth analysis of what the bible actually says about hell then get The Fire That Consumes by Edward Fudge and don’t listen to what this book says about it read it for yourself